13 May GI registration of Cordi heirloom rice sought
Department of Agriculture-Cordillera, March 6, 2022, DA-CAR Press Release No. 22-017
#GICertification || Thirty-four (34) heirloom rice landraces (14 glutinous and 20 non-glutinous) comprise the Cordillera Heirloom Rice to be registered for Geographical Indication (GI) in the country as identified by the heirloom rice farmers and stakeholders in Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga, and Mountain Province.
The list of the heirloom rice landraces was finalized during the review of the Book of Specifications (BOS) of the Cordillera Heirloom Rice on March 30-31, 2022 which was facilitated by the Department of Agriculture-Cordillera (DA-CAR) and the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (UN FAO).
The BOS is a requirement in the GI registration of the Cordillera Heirloom Rice, one of the two pilot projects once a national legal framework for GI is established in the country. According to FAO, the adoption of GI can support the better protection, promotion, and valorization of origin-linked products at the regional, national, and international levels.
With the numerous heirloom rice landraces from the four provinces, the farmers and stakeholders agreed to select landraces that have markets and were characterized during the DA-Heirloom Rice Project. The farmers and stakeholders agreed to collectively call them Cordillera Heirloom Rice. Further, as agreed by farmers and stakeholders, the other landraces will be included in the next GI registration.
The Province of Benguet identified 𝒃𝒂𝒍𝒂𝒕𝒊𝒏𝒂𝒘, 𝒃𝒐𝒏𝒈𝒌𝒊𝒕𝒂𝒏, 𝒕𝒂𝒍𝒂𝒏𝒈𝒌𝒂𝒚, 𝒌𝒂𝒃𝒂𝒍, 𝒍𝒂𝒃𝒍𝒂𝒃𝒊 𝒂𝒏𝒅 𝒍𝒂𝒔𝒃𝒂𝒌𝒂𝒏. The Province of Ifugao also identified nine landraces namely 𝒄𝒂𝒃𝒍𝒖𝒚, 𝒊𝒏𝒈𝒏𝒈𝒖𝒅𝒑𝒐𝒍, 𝒑𝒊𝒏𝒈𝒌𝒊𝒕𝒂𝒏, 𝒅𝒐𝒏𝒂-𝒂𝒍, 𝒇𝒉𝒂’𝒍𝒂𝒓, 𝒊𝒎𝒃𝒖𝒖𝒌𝒂𝒏, 𝒊𝒏𝒏𝒂𝒘𝒊, 𝒎𝒊𝒏𝒂𝒂𝒏𝒈𝒂𝒏, and 𝒑𝒊𝒏𝒊𝒅𝒘𝒂. Eight landraces were identified by Kalinga namely 𝒂𝒍𝒊𝒈/𝒕𝒊𝒍𝒖𝒑𝒐𝒏𝒈, 𝒂𝒍𝒍𝒖𝒈𝒊𝒕/𝒔𝒊𝒏𝒖𝒌𝒊𝒏𝒈/𝒚𝒐𝒏𝒈𝒂, 𝒓𝒂𝒍𝒂𝒈, 𝒘𝒂𝒓𝒂𝒚/𝒘𝒂𝒍𝒂𝒚, 𝒖𝒏𝒐𝒚 𝒓𝒆𝒅, 𝒖𝒏𝒐𝒚 𝒘𝒉𝒊𝒕𝒆, 𝒌𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒂𝒏/𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒂𝒏/𝒖𝒍𝒊𝒌𝒂𝒏 𝒓𝒆𝒅, 𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒂𝒏/𝒖𝒍𝒊𝒌𝒂𝒏 𝒘𝒉𝒊𝒕𝒆 while Mountain Province ascertained 11 landraces. These are 𝒌𝒐𝒕𝒊𝒏𝒂𝒘/𝒆𝒏𝒈𝒏𝒈𝒐𝒑𝒐𝒓, 𝒐𝒎𝒊𝒏𝒊𝒐/𝒎𝒂𝒏𝒎𝒂𝒏𝒔𝒂/𝒃𝒂𝒍𝒂𝒕𝒊𝒏𝒂𝒘, 𝒔𝒂𝒍𝒊𝒌𝒆𝒕, 𝒘𝒂𝒓𝒂𝒚/𝒘𝒂𝒍𝒂𝒚, 𝒄𝒉𝒐𝒓-𝒄𝒉𝒐𝒓-𝒐𝒔, 𝒈𝒊𝒍𝒈𝒊𝒍𝒂𝒏𝒈/𝒂𝒌𝒂𝒏𝒈𝒂𝒏/𝒔𝒖𝒏𝒈𝒅𝒖𝒂𝒏, 𝒈𝒐𝒎𝒊𝒌𝒊, 𝒌𝒐𝒓𝒊𝒍, 𝒑𝒖𝒍𝒊𝒌𝒊, 𝒃𝒂𝒏𝒈𝒍𝒐𝒂𝒏, and 𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒂𝒏 𝒓𝒆𝒅/𝒌𝒊𝒏𝒐𝒈𝒐𝒐𝒏𝒈/𝒌𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒂𝒏/𝒊𝒏𝒕𝒂𝒏/ 𝒖𝒍𝒊𝒌𝒂𝒏 𝒓𝒆𝒅.
From the 34 heirloom rice landraces, there were 23 product types identified based on the endosperm type (glutinous and non-glutinous), milling, pigmentation, aroma, size, and shapes.
GI Consultant Stéphane Passeri said that the Philippines alongside other countries like Pakistan, Myanmar, Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Papua New Guinea, and Saudi Arabia have ongoing GI system legislation.
While the GI law is ongoing, efforts are already being done such as the BOS development and the establishment of the Cordillera Heirloom Rice Association in 2021 as a partner in the pursuit of Cordillera Heirloom Rice GI registration.
Meanwhile, to be trained as GI Portal Administrators, three staff from the DA-RFO CAR participated in the GI Portal Administration Training on April 5-7, 2022 in Davao City. They are being trained as GI Portal Administrators which is crucial in paving the path for GI Certification.
Eleanore Lantican, National Value Chain Governance Consultant of the UN FAO Philippines, further stated that the portal serves as a venue for promoting the authenticity of the products and services it originated, and to help in recognizing the Geographical Indications in the country. Through this, products and services registered as collective marks will receive protection and other benefits such as exclusive commercial rights, and the privilege to be registered as Geographical Indicator (GI) once the system is established in the country. // Sherry Antonio, Research Division
Photo courtesy of Research Division